Monday afternoon (3 October 2014) at the American Society for Tropical Medicine and Hygiene Annual Meeting in New Orleans, Jhpiego and USAID/PMI are sponsoring a panel on “Integrating and Innovating: Strengthening Care for Mothers and Children with Infectious Diseases.” If you are at the meeting please attend to learn more about our Malaria activities in Malawi.
One of the panel presentations is “Improving Malaria Outcomes in Malawi: Focusing on Integration of Services at all Levels” presented by John Munthali, Senior Technical Advisor, Jhpiego/Malawi. John works with Support for Service Delivering Integration-Services (SSDI-S), a USAID bilateral program (2011-2016) with Partnerships in 15 Districts involving the Ministry of Health, Jhpiego, Save the Children International, Care Malawi and Plan International.
SSDI-Services focuses on Malawi’s Essential Health Package (EHP) Focal Areas with particular emphasis on Maternal Health, Newborn and Child Health, Family Planning and Reproductive Health, HIV/AIDS and TB, Nutrition and Malaria. Aspects of the Malaria Component include Intermittent Preventive Treatment and Insecticide Treated Bed Nets
SSDI-S is based on Promotion of the continuum of care from household to hospital. Health Facility Approaches address Improved Technical Capacity of Health Workers, Functional Health Facility, and Data-informed Decision Making. Community Approaches involve Improved Technical Capacity of CHWs, Functional Village Clinics, and Community Mobilization. Integration is a major concern such that there are no missed opportunities of EHP services at all levels.
Positive Trends since have been seen since Inception. Malaria in Pregnancy interventions supported the National Malaria Control program to review the Malaria in Pregnancy guidelines and training manuals to adopt the new WHO policy recommendations. 74 Trainers were trained in all 15 districts. MNCH services were established in selected districts. 344 HSAs were trained. 70 community-based Core Groups oriented on MNCH. SSDI supported ongoing MNCH activities through review meetings and distribution of reporting forms.
As a result of these integrated high impact interventions there has been a remarkable increase in the uptake of IPTp 2 (16% in June 2012 to 64% in Sept. 2013) by pregnant women in the SSDI-services focus districts. Central to this increase is the integration of services at the facility level where malaria has been highly integrated into maternal, newborn and child health. The project has also seen IPTp 1 uptake maintained at above 91% in all the 15 districts
Malaria Care capacity building has resulted in improved iCCM services delivered by Health Surveillance Assistants (HSAs) at village clinics. iCCM is serving as the foundation for community-based treatment of malaria by HSAs while at facility level IMCI provides an integrated approach to manage childhood illnesses including malaria.
In conclusion, it is feasible to integrate MNCH programs at all levels using SBCC and Systems Strengthening. Having an integrated project looking at the whole spectrum of health services (system strengthening, service delivery and behavior change) can help improve programming & service delivery.